Historic Resources Industry Brick Construction

Brick Market

Brick was made to be used…as a building material…in the hands of Architects, Engineers, Contractors, Builders, and Masons. This elemental clay fired unit, when multiplied to great numbers, provided a tool capable of very flexible space enclosure. To review the history of Brighton Brick Manufacture necessitates a review of the architectural use of this material. The notes below try to develop a focus on the City of Rochester N.Y. as it was developed in the early 1800’s and was supplied with building material from the Brighton Brick Industry.

The twelve postcard images in the gallery below illustrate the use of brick in building Rochester, N. Y.

image of Sibley Building, Rochester NY

Sibley Building, Rochester

Osburn House Hotel

West High School, Rochester, NY

image of BRP R.R. Depot, Rochester

BRP R.R. Depot, Rochester

Wilder Building, Rochester

The Wilder Building

image of Brick Presbyterian Church, Rochester

Brick Presbyterian Church

image of Columbus Building, Rochester

Columbus Building, Rochester

image of Powers Building, Rochester, NY

Powers Building, Rochester

image of Erie R.R. Depot, Rochester

Erie R.R. Depot, Rochester

image of BRP R.R. Depot, Rochester

BRP R.R. Depot, Rochester

image of Bausch & Lomb Factory, Rochester, NY

Bausch & Lomb Factory

image of East High School, Rochester

East High School

Brick is a Simple Thing!”

“A brick is a simple thing only to a society which has an adequate supply of skilled masons, brickmakers, and brickkilns; to the early settlers it was a precious object. A sawn two-by-four timber is insignificant only to people who do not know what the world was like before the advent of the power driven saw, and a building of these two products – brick and lumber – is a social achievement whose true significance can only be grasped by people who have endured a smoke-filled dugout through a Massachusetts winter.”…page #8*

“Although uncut stone was widely used in some parts of the colonies, it was never to become a real competitor of brick on any but a local scale. The brick’s small size, standardized production, and general availability made it the pre-eminent masonry material.”…page #9*

*Reference: “American Building, 1: The Historical Forces That Shaped It” by James Marston Fitch…1947… Brighton Library 720.973 F545a2 v.1 Fitch…American Building

Note: Bricks were first commercially produced.in America in the years 1622-1630. Brighton, New York, with access to the mineral deposits to support a brick industry and the people with energy to invest in and develop the production facilities, played a major role in accomplishing this American “social achievement.”

Geological Sketches

“Clay for the manufacture of brick lies along the south part of the city, and extends eastward into Brighton; it is still more abundant in the vale on the southeast side of the Pinnacle, along the road to Pittsford. At a mile south of the city, a bed of clay is manufactured into brick to a great extent. It occurs under a foot of rich loamy soil, which is still in part covered with the original forest, and is only twelve to twenty inches thick. Immediately under it is a bed of fine white sand, as a convenient as necessary for use in brickmaking. It seems to extend under several hundred acres. Brick-clay abounds in Rochester and vicinity.”

Henry O’Reilly, Sketches of Rochester, Published 1838…page 79 ..Ref:

City Construction & Brick

The materials for the building trades in America changed as technology progressed through the 1800’s and 1900’s, allowing an ever increasing variety.

Brick, Stone, Iron, Steel, Concrete, Aluminum

image of The Brooklyn Bridge

The Brooklyn Bridge

This postcard view of New York City, circa 1900, illustrates the city’s dependence on the brick industry to supply the basic element for construction. Brick buildings abound at the base of the Brooklyn Bridge, (Bridge opened Thursday, May 24 1883). Concrete and steel were just coming into use and availability. Wood construction, with the concern for fire, (London which was leveled by the Great Fire of 1666 was a wooden city. and in October 8, 1871 Chicago fire destroyed 50 acres and over 800 buildings) allowed brick to be the preferred material of construction for American buildings during the 1800’s and early 1900’s…

New York City was consuming >1,000,000,000 bricks a year, in new construction in 1900.The Hudson River Brickyards, centered around Haverstraw, N.Y. contained forty two brickyards.

Reference: Book: “Within These Gates” by Daniel deNoyelles 1982 (Story of Hudson River Brick Industry)

Rochester, NY – Brick Buildings

Rochester was no exception to the national “Brick Building Boom” or to the City Fires that encouraged Brick Building (Fires of 1858, 20 stores, and of 1904 which destroyed an entire Main Street block). The postcard photos below illustrate the multitude of brick buildings that were constructed along the banks of the Genesee River in the center of the city, to support business, manufacturing, retail, office and living space.

The Aesthetic Character of Brickwork

“Both engineers and architects recognized that they could capitalize on the intrinsic characteristics of brickwork to create an appropriate utilitarian appearance for industrial buildings. Locally made common brick was the material of choice for industrial buildings throughout most of the nineteenth century.” *page 233

*Reference: Book: “The Works” The Industrial Architecture of the United States, by Betsy Hunter Bradly, 1999 Oxford University Press

Here is an aerial view, circa 1940, of the Kodak Park Works located in Rochester New York, which illustrates the use of brick for industrial construction. We assume that the brick used for these buildings, which were started in the late 1800’s, were moulded and fired in the Brickyards of Brighton.

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